Winter Meeting 2020

Winter Meeting 2020

18 January 2020, Winter Meeting
Carr’s Lane Chapel, Birmingham

The Winter Meeting continues with the 58th Summer Conference theme of Inspiration and Institution. As ever, the intention is to attract a broad spectrum of papers from across the history of Christianity.

The deadline for proposals of 20-minute papers on the theme is 31 October 2019.

Since the apostolic age, the history of Christianity and Christian churches has seen a constant dialectic between inspiration and institution: how the ungoverned spontaneity of Spirit-led religion negotiates its way through laws, structures and communities. If institutional frameworks are absent or insufficient, new, creative and dynamic expressions of Christianity can disappear or collapse into disorder almost as quickly as they have flared up. If those frameworks are excessively rigid or punitive, they can often quench the spirit of any new movements. Without dynamic movements of this kind, even well-functioning church institutions struggle to avoid sclerosis. And once institutionalised, inspirational movements can change their nature remarkably quickly, whether by calcifying or by settling down from sectarian unruliness into denominational respectability.

But when inspiration and institution work well together, and a new movement is able to find an institutional expression which channels and disciplines but does not block it, the result can be powerful and enduring. Episcopacy itself was developed in the first and second century as a means of controlling inspirational movements, which threatened to splinter. The many monastic and eremitic movements of the late antique period were decisively shaped by Benedict’s systematisation. Likewise, there were many movements for apostolic poverty in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, but it was the Franciscans who found the structures that gave them durability. There were many spiritualist movements in mid-seventeenth century England, but it was the Quakers who managed to endure. Most of the apocalyptic movements of the nineteenth-century United States flamed out and disappeared: the Seventh-day Adventists and the Jehovah’s Witnesses have both endured and prospered, and have done so with institutional expressions which could hardly be more different from one another.

This theme invites explorations of the interplay between inspirational movements and institutional structures throughout Christianity’s history. Delegates are encouraged to submit proposals for twenty-minute papers exploring:

• How and how effectively new, prophetic or renewalist movements have sought, negotiated or resisted institutional expression

• How established church institutions have attempted to encourage, co-opt, control or suppress novel movements

• How institutionalisation has affected new movements over generations

• How the tendency of inspirational movements to overturn hierarchies of gender, age and social status has responded to institutionalisation

• Why new movements are sometimes able to find enduring institutional form, and sometimes not

• Different forms of ‘institutionalisation’: from legal and financial structures, through communications

networks, through norms of piety, to ritual and sacramental forms and practices

• How Christian thinkers and communities have understood the interplay between institution and inspiration at various stages of history

• How these dynamics have interacted with secular or external forces such as legal structures, social crises or competition with other religious groups

• The sociological dynamics of ‘church’, ‘sect’ and ‘denomination’, and the value of models developed by scholars such as Ernst Troeltsch or Bryan Wilson for understanding the institution inspiration dynamic.

NB: The theme does not extend to papers which focus exclusively either on inspiration or on institution.

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